Largest sector of Pakistan’s economy is agriculture. It contributes about GDP of 25.0 per cent. It also provides 50% of labor force. For the sake of higher crop production seed is the carrier of genetic potential. The qualitied seed varieties can enhance the production by 10-20 percent. The proper seed supply demands appropriate arrangements of variety registered followed by distribution and certification etc. After independence in 1947, farmers used their own seed or exchange seeds with other farmers. The seed sector remained unorganized up to fifties. In 1973, the government of Pakistan established broader based seed industry project with assistance of FAO/IBRD. In the initial stage, it was giving more active role to private sector but private sector was not considered appropriate because of their low profile. After that, this seed program was given constitutional support in the form of seed Act, 1976. This seed Act provides a regulatory mechanism for controlling quality or varieties of seed of various crop through establishing requisite infrastructure.
In a preset day seed industry is a combination of private and public seed sector. This called the public seed system. Pakistani farmers also save their own seed and exchange with others or buy seeds from other local traders and market under the informal seed system. Due to the induction of private seed sectors the availability of seed quality has increased up to 18 percent. Total employment generation on seed industry according to data is so far 24716. There is no barriers on private seed sectors on distribute or import/export of any crop seed. Mainly private sector trade in low volume high profile seed whereas the public sector produce high volume low cost seeds like wheat and pulses.
To produce high quality seed of different crops the Registration department and Federal seed Certification started many activities. We have to fulfill the obligations of WTO/TRIP for the globalization and international trade of seed across the border. In this situation, our seed products need to meet the international standard. It can only be possible if we maintained high strengthened Quality Control System
Written By: Kainat Mehbood
(Agri Business Specialist)